The Common Program of the People's Republic of China 1949-1954

Article 32 of the Common Program

27-08-1952 GAC Unified Registration Measures for the Unemployed
Improving production & ensuring quality is an expression of love for the motherland 1953

Fig. 32.1: Industrial Sickness and Disability Insurance for Workers and Their Dependents
Source: Kraus (1982). Page 26

Fig. 32.2: Industrial Employees. Classification by Sex, Social Insurance, and Right to Free Medical Care (in thousands)
Source: Kraus (1982). Page 59


The CCP had good relations in Shanghai however, this could not prevent economic and social chaos. See Part 3 In December 1949, there are over 3300 strikes in the city. In the aftermath of the Communist occupation of Shanghai in May 1949, a significant number of labour disputes erupted throughout the city. The workers, who were now being proclaimed as the leading class in the country by the Communists, were eager to put this newfound status to the test by seeking immediate improvements in their economic conditions. However, many of these demands and actions were excessive and irresponsible. The authorities, still in the process of establishing firm control over labour organizations, seemingly hesitated to openly oppose these demands for fear of antagonizing the workers. Nevertheless, they were also aware that the strained economy, especially during the period of economic depression in Shanghai, could not sustain the ongoing pressure caused by these demands. Additionally, this situation posed a challenge to their policy of fostering cooperation with private capital.
Mikoyan has warned the CCP leaders not to prohibit strikes: "…otherwise the CCP may lose the trust of workers. The significance of the working class in the revolution is determined not by its quantity, I said, but by the fact that it is a new class, the carrier of the most progressive ideas. The future belongs to the working class. Its significance in the society will grow unstoppably. The question that one should not prohibit strikes caused a noticeable bewilderment on the part of Mao Zedong and the present members of the CCP CC Politburo. On the whole telegrams with recommendations on the work among workers, youth, women and on the preparation of the Chinese cadres, the content of which was conveyed by me to Mao Zedong and the Politburo members, made a good impression. When they were related, Mao Zedong and the members of the Politburo uniformly nodded in agreement, and Mao Zedong said that the suggestions will be carried out."

Bernard (1953). Page 20 [Cite]
Howe (1981). Page 44-45 [↩] [Cite]

16-08-1949 Interim Measures of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions on the Handling of Labor Relations
22-11-1949 Interim measures of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions on the conclusion of collective contracts between the labor and management of private industrial and commercial enterprises.
09-02-1950 Directive on “body search” approved by the Standing Committee of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions
20-05-1950 The Ministry of Labor issued the general rules for the organization of municipal labor agencies
28-07-1950 GAC decision on the method of payment of statutory holiday wages by factories and mines in various places
12-01-1951 Supplementary Instructions of the Government Council on Dealing with Unemployed Intellectuals

 26-02-1951 Labour insurance regulations of the PRC

07-03-1951 Regulations of the Financial and Economic Committee of the Government Council on the Composition of Total Wages
12-01-1952 The Financial and Economic Committee of the GAC issued the Interim Measures for the Resignation of State-owned Enterprise Workers (Draft)

30-08-1952 Measures of the Labor Employment Committee of the GAC on the Unified Registration of Unemployed Persons
Chapter 4 of Common Program
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