The great victories of the Chinese people's war of liberation and of the people's revolution have put an end to the era of the rule of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism in China.
From the status of the oppressed, the Chinese people has attained that of the master in a new society and a new state, and has replaced the Kuomintang's reactionary rule of feudal,
comprador, fascist dictatorship with the Republic of the People's Democratic Dictatorship.
The Chinese People's Democratic Dictatorship is the state power of the people's democratic united front composed of the Chinese working class, peasantry, petty bourgeoisie, national bourgeoisie and other patriotic democratic elements, based on the alliance of workers and peasants and led by the working class. The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, composed of the representatives of the Communist Party of China, of all democratic parties and groups and people's organizations, of all Regions, of the People's Liberation Army, of all national minorities. overseas Chinese and other patriotic democratic elements, is the organisational form of the Chinese people's democratic united front.
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, representing the will of the people of the whole country, proclaims the establishment of the People's Republic of China and is organizing the people's own central government.
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference unanimously agrees that New Democracy, or the People's Democracy, shall be the political foundation for the national construction of
the People's Republic of China.
It has also adopted the following Common Program which should be jointly observed by all units participating in the Conference, by the people's government of all levels, and by the people of the whole country.
The acceptance and fulfilment of the Common Program are the important tasks of the CPPCC. This document consists of a preamble and 7 chapters; 1. General principles 2. Organs of state 3. Military system 4. Economic policy 5. Cultural and Education program 6. Policy towards nationalities (minorities) 7. Foreign policy.
The document can be considered as an action plan for the near future and
"…was supposed to present the new rulers of China as moderately transformative and politically inclusive."
and the program defines in its preamble clearly who can play a role in this future.
"... the state power of the people's democratic united front composed of the Chinese working class, peasantry,
petty bourgeoisie, national bourgeoisie and other patriotic democratic elements, based on the alliance of workers and peasants and led by the working class."
In other words, a part of the people is explicitly excluded, they are
"...the running-dogs of imperialism, the landlord class and bureaucrat-bourgeoisie, as well as the representatives of these classes, the GuoMinDang reactionaries and their accomplices."
As the CCP took control over China’s cities, it was confronted with several social order problems.
"Two major groups of targets were identified. The first was counter-revolutionaries, which included remnant Guomindang (‘KMT’) troops and supporters, secret societies, criminal gangs and bandits...The second group of offenders was those committing the ‘remnant crimes that were prevalent from the old society’, such as growing, selling and using narcotic drugs; gambling; prostitution; and kidnapping and selling women and children.5 A large transient population, vagrants, drug addicts and abandoned children also seriously undermined social order."